Jumlah Provinsi di Indonesia dan Pemekarannya sampai Tahun 2012

Sampai dengan 2012 akhir, Indonesia sudah memiliki 34 provinsi, yaitu:

  1. Sumatra Utara
  2. Jambi
  3. Sumatra Selatan
  4. Riau
  5. Sumatra Barat
  6. Jawa Timur
  7. Jawa Tengah
  8. Jawa Barat
  9. Kalimantan Barat
  10. Kalimantan Selatan
  11. Kalimantan Timur
  12. Kalimantan Tengah
  13. Nanggro Aceh Darussalam
  14. Nusa Tenggara Barat
  15. Nusa Tenggara Timur
  16. Bali
  17. Sulawesi Utara
  18. Sulawesi Selatan
  19. Sulawesi Tengah
  20. Sulawesi Tenggara
  21. Sulawesi Barat
  22. Kepulauan Riau
  23. Bangka Belitung
  24. Bengkulu
  25. Lampung
  26. DKI Jakarta
  27. Banten
  28. DI Yogyakarta
  29. Maluku
  30. Gorontalo
  31. Maluku Utara
  32. Papua
  33. Papua Barat
  34. Kalimantan Utara


Dengan 2 provinsi terakhir yang sudah dimekarkan:

  1. Sulawesi Barat dengan ibukota Mamuju, dimekarkan dari Provinsi Sulawesi Selatan, menjadi provinsi Indonesia ke-33 pada tanggal 5 Oktober 2004
  2. Kalimantan Utara dengan ibukota Tanjung Selor, dimekarkan dari Provinsi Kalimantan Timur, menjadi provinsi Indonesia ke-34 pada tanggal 25 Oktober 2012
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1st form / he, she, it + s // they go , he goes


am / is / are + verb + ing // I am going




with habits and general statements


to express when something is happening at the moment

(wird bei Gewohnheiten und allgemeinen Aussagen verwendet.)


(wird verwendet, wenn etwas momentan geschieht.)




key words: always, often, usually, every, never, generally, seldom, rarely, hardly ever, sometimes, normally


key words: look, listen, now, at the moment













2nd form // he went, they played


was / were + ing form // he was going




used to tell or talk about a past action


used to tell or talk about a long action in the past

(wird verwendet, wenn über Vergangenes berichtet wird. (Erzählzeit).)


(wird bei langen Handlungen in der Vergangenheit verwendet.)




key words: yesterday, last, ago, in 1970


key words: whilewhen













will + 1st form ( N.: won’t) // he will be, she will go


Going to – FUTURE



am / is / are + going to + verb




used to talk about the future


Present progressive – FUTURE

(wird verwendet, wenn man über die Zukunft spricht.)


Present tense – FUTURE



for further explanations click the link below:

key words: tomorrow, next















have / has + 3rd form // she has gone


have / has + been + ing form // he has been







used when a past action started in the past and has just finished or is still happening.


is used like the simle form but only with long actions

(wird verwendet, wenn ein Ereignis in der Vergangenheit begonnen hat und gerade geendet hat oder noch andauert; = Bezug zur Gegenwart.)


(wird wie die simple form verwendet; Unterschied: wird bei langen Handlungen verwendet, vor allem bei Verben, die eine Tätigkeit ausdrücken.)




key words:already, just, ever, never, yet, for, since


key words: how long, all day, for, since













had + 3rd form // she had gone


had been + ing form // he had been going




used when a action happened befor another action


used like the simple form but only with long actions

(wird verwendet, wenn eine Handlung vor einem vergangenem Ereignis stattgefunden hat.)


(wird wie die past pefect simple verwendet – aber nur für lange Handlungen.)




key words: after, before


key words: how long, before, after

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10 tips to study TOEFL

1.   Preparation

In your first class, to give students a feel for what they are aiming for, a practice test is a good idea. This should set the tone for the remainder of the course and show them that the TOEFL test is not a walk in the park. You should tell your students that learning TOEFL is not easy, and that they must do an incredible amount of work in order for them to get the score that they require. If you strongly doubt a student’s ability, you should do the right thing and be honest with the student, informing them that perhaps a lower level of English course may be beneficial to them to prep them for the TOEFL exam.

2.   Plan Your Lesson Backwards!

An alternative method of lesson planning, this little gem often comes up (but not often remembered) from various courses. Planning your TOEFL class backwards means that you can effectively go through the class, work from the aims, and then work the necessary steps, activities and exercises in order for the students to reach those aims and objectives. This is especially helpful when it comes to a subject like TOEFL, which involves a great deal of structure in the lessons.

3.   Know Your Subject!

If you can, try to take a few practices TOEFL tests on either the internet or even your language center may have a copy of the software that you can use in a demo mode.

 This allows you to get an understanding as to how the test is structured and learn the different steps involved. Even old hands at TOEFL should regularly undertake a practice on the computerized test to help learn of different pointers that will help the students and how they can make the most of the timing in between the questions.

1.   Record the Students When They Speak

When you get your students to complete a spoken activity, for example, where they must speak for 45 seconds on a given topic, record them! This is important, as they have to become used to speaking on a microphone while being recorded. The recording places the additional pressure on the student that they will find during the exam, as well as giving you and the student the chance to review and look for errors with their work.

2.   Note Taking

Successful TOEFL students are good note takers. Questions in the listening do not allow the students to answer them as they hear them, but encourage the students to take notes, with the questions appearing on the screen after the passage. The teacher needs to teach the students some methods on how to take effective notes and to organize information in a way that they can understand and refer to later on. They shouldn’t need to write down everything they here, but only take down what’s relevant.

3.   Integrated Mayhem

This is a unique point for both teacher and student, as English language training is generally broken down into the four parts of speaking, reading, writing and listening. The TOEFL examination is unique as it forces the students to use multiple skills when answering a single question. More than just using the two skills, it involves effective note taking skills and structure. The unfortunate aspect of the integrated components is if a student is weak in one area, their score on the overall question will be lower. To teach the integrated task effectively to students, teachers must start simple. The best way to introduce students to the integrated task is to give them news articles to read, then watch a TV news bulletin on the same subject and then get them to use their notes to give a quick talk about it. It is quite likely that the students have never done any exercises like this, so start them off on sometime simple and then slowly increase in difficulty.

4.   Structure is king!

Like all English proficiency examinations, students must be aware of the structure that must be given in their answers. For example, in terms of the TOEFL writing, they must know to include all the essential tidbits that an examiner looks for, such as a thesis statement, topic sentences and the supporting sentences.

5.   Focus on the time aspect

No matter whether it’s reading, writing, speaking or listening – all of these are strongly bound by time restrictions. After students become aware of the structure of the test, they should then focus on achieving the structural requirements within the appropriate time limits. If they can’t finish the tasks within the required period of time, then this is something that you, as a teacher, must begin to focus on to give the students the best chances at achieving their goal for the TOEFL examination.

6.   Teach them to use their psychic abilities

One nifty tip for making the most of the timing of the TOEFL test is to get the students to use their power of prediction. As the TOEFL test is run on computerized software, there are numerous slides and images that allow the student some extra time for planning and to predict some of the vocabulary of the topic coming up. During the reading and the listening, students are often shown an image that will be related to the topic. After knowing the topic, and seeing an image, it could be about stars for example, they will know that that the upcoming listening passage will be a lecture by a professor about stars. By predicting the vocab, this puts them in a better position to know what they could be listening out for, such as a comparison between two constellations, etc.

1.     Practice, Practice, Practice!

The teacher should give writing tasks to be completed for homework. This task should be done within a time limit and submitted to the teacher, with appropriate feedback given. If students don’t do the work, don’t get angry – remind them that it is simply in their best interests to complete set work. Homework doesn’t always need to be TOEFL related, encourage the students to watch English TV shows, read English language current affairs online and even listen online to some news broadcasts. This is a great way to take a break from the dryness of TOEFL and still gain the necessary skills using other resources and materials.

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Perbedaan Microsoft Office 2007 dan 2010

mau repost isi blognya ya

Blognya Ilmu Perpustakaan

Di awal tahun ini Microsoft Office mengeluarkan versi beta dari MS Office 2010. Versi ini bisa didownload gratis di Internet (silahkan download disini). Kemarin saya sempet coba juga sih, namun masih belum puas lah kalau pake versi betanya saja. Nah, sekarang Microsoft 2010 yang versi trial sudah beredar di pasaran. Rencananya akhir tahun ini akan keluar juga versi retail yang mutakhir. Pertanyaannya apa sih yang membuat kita harus hijrah ke 2010?

1. Lebih Cepat
Microsoft Office 2010 di claim lebih cepat start-upnya dibandingkan 2007. Selain lebih cepat Office 2010 terbagi menjadi aplikasi 64 bit (x64) dan 32 bit (x86). Jadi kalau kalian ingin pakai Ms Ofice 2010 disarankan untuk melihat dulu jenis OS yang dipakai di komputer agar performa komputer lebih cepat saat menjalankan program. Untuk performa saat dijalankan saya nggak begitu merasakan berat, karena saya menginstall program ini di komputer yang cukup mumpuni performanya. <– tunggu reviewnya ya!

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